Journal of Luminescence, April 2019, 208
(Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu²⁺ phosphors have been widely used in phosphor-converted white light emitting diodes. Herein, we reported the strong red persistent luminescence in (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu²⁺ under UV light excitation. The Sr0.8Ca0.2AlSiN3:0.15% Eu²⁺ shows the strongest red persistent luminescence with a peak emission wavelength at ~628 nm and a persistent time of ~9600 s at the 0.32 mcd/m² threshold value. A new persistent luminescence mechanism, which is different to that of SrAl2O4:Eu²⁺,Dy³⁺, was proposed by comparing the thermoluminescence excitation spectrum (TLES) and the photoluminescence excitation spectrum (PLES) of Sr0.8Ca0.2AlSiN3:0.15% Eu²⁺. The electrons are directly excited from 4f ground states to the conduction band or from valence band to conduction band in (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu²⁺; while, in SrAl2O4:Eu²⁺,Dy³⁺, they are first excited to 5d level and then stimulated thermal process to the conduction band. The effect of Eu²⁺ concentration on red persistent luminescence in (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu²⁺ were discussed. The proposed mechanism of persistent luminescence can help us to design and find new persistent luminescence materials.